Volume II

The Future of the Panama Canal

2017-10-26T18:12:04-07:00 March 1st, 2005|Civil Engineering, Issue I, Volume II|

This article explores the future of the Panama Canal as part of the global transportation system. Beginning with a brief overview of how vessels pass through the canal this article outlines the canal's importance to the global economy. It identifies three problems the canal is faced with regarding efficient traffic flow: the transfer of authority, [...]

Why The World Trade Center Towers Collapsed

2017-10-26T19:05:23-07:00 November 1st, 2002|Building & Architecture, Civil Engineering, Issue IV, Volume II|

On September 11, 2001, two Boeing 757's crashed into the World Trade Center's two high-rise towers. In addition to the structural damage the impacts caused, the leaking jet fuel led to extensive fires and rapid explosions in the buildings. The towers collapsed within two hours of the attack. While it may take investigators years to [...]

The Design and Use of Soybean Oil-Filled Breast Implants in Augmentation Mammioplasty

2017-10-26T18:57:30-07:00 November 1st, 2001|Biomedical Engineering, Health & Medicine, Issue IV, Lifestyle, Volume II|

Many women who are unsatisfied with the appearance of their breasts use augmentation mammioplasty, or breast augmentation, to achieve their desired look. The most commonly used breast implants are silicone gel and saline-filled implants, both of which have harmful drawbacks. Silicone gel are not biocompatible and obstruct the visibility of tumors in mammography. Saline-filled implants [...]

DNA Fingerprinting

2017-10-26T18:06:55-07:00 November 1st, 2001|Biomedical Engineering, Health & Medicine, Issue I, Volume II|

DNA fingerprinting has established itself as an efficient and highly accurate means of determining identities and relationships. It has practically revolutionized the field of forensics, especially concerning rape cases. DNA profiling, as the process is more appropriately called, involves the visualization of special segments of the human genome, which are unique to each individual. These [...]

Corneal Rings: A Revolutionary Invention in the Field of Corrective Eye Surgery

2017-10-26T18:24:57-07:00 November 1st, 2001|Biomedical Engineering, Health & Medicine, Issue I, Volume II|

Corneal rings are micro-thin inserts that were recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in April 1999, for use in the correction of myopia and small degrees of astigmatism. This product of biomedical engineering offers patients another choice when searching for an alternative to glasses or contact lenses. The major advantage of corneal [...]

Connect to Education

2017-10-26T18:09:48-07:00 November 1st, 2001|Education, Issue I, Volume II|

Many engineering advancements have aided in the progress and quality of education. In previous generations, distance and distributed learning did not replicate the quality of learning available through traditional face-to-face methods. Recently, distributed and distance learning (better known as e-learning) has evolved from video taped recordings to satellite broadcasted web lectures. Supported by new collaboration [...]

Shaky Ground: The Design of Suspension Bridges

2017-10-26T18:54:42-07:00 October 1st, 2001|Building & Architecture, Civil Engineering, Issue IV, Transportation, Volume II|

The introduction of fuel injection to the automobile has been a major factor in increasing the power available to engines in recent years. However, its introduction was initially slow due to the inherent complexities of the system. Computer integration revolutionized the design of this automotive subsystem and has become the onboard controller of the fuel [...]

The Long Case Clock: Engineering Behind a Grandfather Clock

2017-11-12T22:36:22-08:00 October 1st, 2001|History & Society, Issue IV, Issue IV, Physics, Volume II|

The first record of man keeping time was approximated to have occurred in 700 B.C. with the use of the sundial. The next true advancement in accurate time keeping was the engineering feat of pendulum clock technology. Long case pendulum clocks have been used since 1657, and remain popular today. The Grandfather Clock was created [...]

Fuel Injection

2017-10-26T18:51:40-07:00 March 1st, 2001|Chemical Engineering, Issue IV, Transportation|

The introduction of fuel injection to the automobile has been a major factor in increasing the power available to engines in recent years. However, its introduction was initially slow due to the inherent complexities of the system. Computer integration revolutionized the design of this automotive subsystem and has become the onboard controller of the fuel [...]

The Engineering Behind the Microwave Oven

2017-10-26T18:38:00-07:00 November 1st, 2000|Electrical Engineering, Issue III, Volume II|

The microwave oven recently celebrated its golden anniversary. As familiar an appliance as it is to many people, few really know how it works. This article will provide some insight into the history of the microwave oven's discovery and development, as well as elaborate on the internal workings and mechanisms that provide the "magic" behind [...]

The Digital Versatile Disks

2017-10-26T19:01:56-07:00 October 1st, 2000|Electrical Engineering, Entertainment, Issue IV, Volume II|

Digital Versatile Disks are paving the way toward a new tomorrow in the entertainment industry. With DVDs, home entertainment is looking and sounding better. The digitalization of media offers many advantages to current storage methods. This technology outperforms magnetic recording in the presentation of audio and video quality and storage life. These and other features [...]

The Engineering Behind Shoe Design

2017-10-26T18:36:09-07:00 October 1st, 2000|Issue III, Lifestyle, Material Science, Sports & Recreation, Volume II|

Shoe design is a complex process that involves the collaboration of a variety of individuals, including runners, craftsmen, technicians, scientists, and doctors. This article will focus on the complicated efforts that stand behind a relatively simple piece of athletic equipment: the running shoe. Introduction They were dreaming about running . . . Knifing through the [...]

Rebuilding the Ancient World via Computer Modeling

2017-10-26T18:30:51-07:00 October 1st, 2000|Building & Architecture, Issue II, Volume II|

Computer modeling gives archaeologists the means to represent data. These computer models can then be modified as new data is collected. There are many applications available to develop these computer models. One such example of computer modeling being used in the field of archaeology is the Pompeii Forum Project. These computer models of ancient buildings [...]

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: A History of Technological Innovation

2017-10-26T18:27:42-07:00 October 1st, 2000|Energy & Sustainability, Environmental Engineering, Issue II, Lifestyle, Transportation, Volume II|

The release of the first hybrid electric vehicles in the United States marks the start of a revolution. Hybrid vehicles are electric cars that utilize small internal-combustion engines and an electric generator. The advantages of this concept are clear: increased fuel efficiency and reduced levels of pollution without the complications and maintenance requirements of a [...]

Designing Vision

2017-10-26T18:22:21-07:00 March 1st, 2000|Biomedical Engineering, Health & Medicine, Issue II, Volume II|

With the rapid technological advancements, it is easy to forget the significant inventions of years past. However, since the 1700's, only a few modifications have altered the basic design of today's eyewear. The development of contact lenses eliminated the awkward frames of glasses, but at the expense of frequent replacement and eye irritation. Now laser [...]